USMLE Road Map Gross Anatomy, Second Edition (LANGE USMLE Road Maps)

USMLE street Map: Gross Anatomy provides a concise and centred exam of the basic ideas in anatomy. via a streamlined and easy-to-follow hierarchical define structure, it courses scholars in the course of the uncomplicated anatomical constructions (bones, muscle mass, and nerves) and experiences the key anatomical areas of the physique. the description is more suitable with an in depth and unique representation application that visually conveys the fundamental details and promotes retention of the fabric. beneficial properties akin to medical correlations and medical difficulties also are included.

New to this Edition

  • All chapters completely up to date and revised
  • Inclusion of 5-10 go sectional CT photographs of the thorax and stomach
  • Refinement of chosen medical Correlations
  • replace chosen medical vignettes to mirror new forms of questions about the Step 1

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Desk 6–4. muscle mass that act on the proximal and distal radioulnar joints. desk 6–5. muscular tissues that act on the wrist joints. COLLES’ FRACTURE A Colles’ fracture of the distal radius may end up in avulsion of the styloid strategy from the shaft of the radius. • The radius might be shortened, and the styloid technique of the ulna may well undertaking extra distally than the styloid technique of the radius. • In sufferers with a fracture of the distal radius, the forearm and hand might convey a “dinner fork” deformity a result of posterior displacement of the distal a part of the radius. 2. The eight carpal bones are loosely prepared into 2 rows. a. The proximal row includes, from lateral to medial, the scaphoid, lunate, triquetrum, and pisiform bones. (1) The pisiform is anterior to the triquetrum. (2) The pisiform is a sesamoid bone that's embedded within the tendon of the flexor carpi ulnaris. b. The distal row comprises, from lateral to medial, the trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, and hamate bones. LUNATE DISLOCATION The lunate is the main often dislocated carpal bone. • The lunate is sometimes dislocated anteriorly into the carpal tunnel. • Dislocation of the lunate can cause carpal tunnel syndrome (see later discussion). three. The carpal tunnel is shaped posteriorly by means of the eight carpal bones. a. The flexor retinaculum completes the carpal tunnel anteriorly; it attaches medially to the pisiform and hamate and laterally to the tubercles of the scaphoid and trapezium. b. The carpal tunnel comprises the median nerve and nine tendons that come up from three flexor muscles—the flexor digitorum superficialis and profundus and the flexor pollicis longus—in the anterior forearm. four. The canal of Guyon is located among the pisiform and the hook of the hamate superficial to the carpal tunnel. The ulnar nerve, ulnar artery, and ulnar vein move the wrist and go into the hand after traversing the canal of Guyon. E. In all of the four palms, a metacarpal and the three phalanges shape three joints: a metacarpophalangeal (MP) joint, a proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint, and a distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint. 1. on the MP joints, the metacarpals articulate with the proximal phalanges. The MP joints are condyloid joints and allow flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction (Table 6–6). desk 6–6. muscle groups that act on the joints of the palms. MP, metacarpophalangeal; PIP, proximal interphalangeal; DIP distal interphalangeal; CM, carpometacarpal; IP, interphalangeal. 2. on the PIP joints, the proximal phalanges articulate with the center phalanges. on the DIP joints, the center phalanges articulate with the distal phalanges. The PIP and DIP joints are hinge joints that allow flexion and extension (see desk 6–6). F. The thumb has three joints: a carpometacarpal joint, an MP joint, and an interphalangeal joint. 1. The carpometacarpal joint is a saddle joint shaped by way of the 1st metacarpal and through the trapezium. It allows flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, and rotation (Table 6–7). desk 6–7. muscle groups that act at joints of the thumb. IP, interphalangeal; CM, carpometacarpal; MP, metacarpophalangeal.

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