By Jacques Ellul
."..He is going via one human task after one other and exhibits the way it has been technicized, rendered effective, and lowered within the process."- Harper's journal
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Extra info for The Technological Society
Why did none of his innovations and improvem! lnts locate useful program? The Technological Society there are various normal solutions. you could relate every little thing clinical development, for instance. The eighteenth and 19th centuries observed advances in program, no longer in natural wisdom or in hypothesis. it's dead to recount the clinical evolution of this era or to enumerate the sensational sequence of ideas and legislation formulated and utilized at the present. Parenthetically, it would be famous that the clinical revolution started as early because the first 1/2 the 17th century. Experiments have been then pedormed to turn out the exactness of quantitative hypotheses. furthermore, a psy chological transformation happened which ended in the distinction of phenomena as necessary of research in themselves. This ready the best way for technical growth, however it can't clarify it. those clinical discoveries symbolize useful conditions-but now not imperatives. it really is glaring that functions are most unlikely with no rules, yet, as soon as rules were validated, purposes don't neces sarily keep on with. purposes should be produced from easy interest, u one of the Greeks or one of the makers of automatons within the eighteenth century. ( those automatons weren't with no experi psychological worth. learn in cybemetics this present day likewise leads to the making of automatons. ) The shut hyperlink among clinical study and technical inven tion seems to be a brand new consider the 19th century. Accord ing to Mumford, "the important projects got here, now not from the inventor-engineer, yet from the scientist who confirmed the gen eral legislations. " The scientist took consciousness either one of the recent uncooked ma terials that have been to be had and of the hot human wishes which. needed to be met. Then he intentionally orientated his learn towards a systematic discovery that may be utilized technically. And he did this both out of straightforward interest or due to convinced advertisement and commercial calls for. Pasteur, for example, used to be inspired in his bacteriological learn by means of wine manufacturers and silkworm develop to ers. within the 20th century, this courting among clinical re seek and technical invention ended in the enslavement of technology to approach. within the 19th century, even though, technological know-how was once nonetheless the making a choice on explanation for technical development. The society of the eighteenth century was once no longer but mature sufficient to permit the 'Y'. tematic improvement of innovations. As Siegfried Giedion says, the France of that interval was once a checking out floor. principles proliferated yet TECHNIQUES may possibly take no ultimate shape till society had gone through a transforma tion. What distinguishes the eighteenth century is that purposes have been made for purposes of application; quickly the single justification of technological know-how was once applicability. such a lot historians of approach content material themselves with invoking philosophy to give an explanation for this. The philosophy of the eighteenth century did certainly want tech nical purposes. It used to be naturalistic and sought not just to understand but in addition to take advantage of nature.