The Role of Ethics in Social Theory: Essays from a Habermasian Perspective (SUNY Series in Ethical Theory)

By Tony Smith

E-book via Smith, Tony

Show description

Preview of The Role of Ethics in Social Theory: Essays from a Habermasian Perspective (SUNY Series in Ethical Theory) PDF

Best Social Theory books

Information: A Very Short Introduction

We are living in a society that's awash with info, yet few people particularly comprehend what details is. during this Very brief creation, one of many world's best professionals at the philosophy of data and on info ethics, Luciano Floridi, deals an illuminating exploration of data because it pertains to either philosophy and technology.

Critical Theory: A Very Short Introduction

Serious thought emerged within the Nineteen Twenties from the paintings of the Frankfurt university, the circle of German-Jewish teachers who sought to diagnose-and, if in any respect attainable, cure-the ills of society, really fascism and capitalism. during this ebook, Stephen Eric Bronner presents sketches of top representatives of the serious culture (such as George Lukács and Ernst Bloch, Theodor Adorno and Walter Benjamin, Herbert Marcuse and Jurgen Habermas) in addition to a lot of its seminal texts and empirical investigations.

The Severed Head: Capital Visions (European Perspectives: A Series in Social Thought and Cultural Criticism)

Trained by way of a provocative exhibition on the Louvre curated through the writer, The Severed Head unpacks creative representations of severed heads from the Paleolithic interval to the current. Surveying work, sculptures, and drawings, Julia Kristeva turns her famed serious eye to a learn of the pinnacle as image and metaphor, as spiritual item and actual truth, additional constructing a severe subject matter in her work--the energy of horror--and the opportunity of the face to supply an adventure of the sacred.

Handbook of Sociological Theory (Handbooks of Sociology and Social Research)

This wide-ranging instruction manual provides in-depth discussions at the array of subspecialties that contain the sector of sociological conception. favourite theorists operating in a number of traditions talk about methodologies and methods; the cultural flip in sociological theorizing; interplay approaches; theorizing from the systemic and macro point; new instructions in evolutionary theorizing; energy, clash, and alter; and theorizing from assumptions of rationality.

Additional info for The Role of Ethics in Social Theory: Essays from a Habermasian Perspective (SUNY Series in Ethical Theory)

Show sample text content

Categorial­ontological. The main ontological issue here is that of the status to be assigned to the constructed models. For Weber these models are mere thought  entities ("ideal types") made up by the social scientist to aid in the construction of empirical theories. They have no independent existence of their own. Marx, in  contrast, makes a much stronger ontological claim. Much of Capital is devoted to working out a model of the capitalist mode of production and its general tendencies. In his view this model fixes the essence of capitalist societies, the depth level of the capitalist system that underlies surface level appearances. The speech within which  this sort of issue is discussed is philosophical. Epistemological. In this branch of social science models of social systems and processes are constructed that somehow relate to the historical societies more  concretely investigated in empirical research and empirical theories. But if no empirical theory is ever directly refuted or verified by any bit of empirical research, so  much more is it the case that no construction of a model of a social system or process can ever be directly refuted or verified by any bit of empirical theory or  empirical research. To what degree, then, do empirical theories and empirical research provide a check on the construction of these models? This question is  connected with one's views on the ontological status of the models. If one believes with Weber that ideal types are simply tools, the models will be subject to the single  criterion relevant to any tool, usefulness. If a model proves helpful in any way for constructing empirical hypotheses and orienting research, then it has been "verified. "  If, however, one believes that a model of a social system or process ought to grasp the essence of historically existing societies, then more stringent criteria for the  adequacy of the model are demanded. It must, for instance, be able to    Page 13 give an adequate account of the appearances in those societies. The question of the criteria by which the epistemological validity of models is to be measured is  another example of a specifically philosophical issue. Normative. In constructing models of social systems and processes the social scientist must always abstract from some of the information presented in empirical  research and empirical theories. Any principle for deciding how to do this will involve the values of the social scientist. A libertarian, for example, in constructing a  model of a capitalist social system will stress those features which make it plausible to assert that an "invisible hand" behind market transactions ensures the common  good, and assert that everything else is contingent and nonessential to the system. In contrast, a Marxist will stress those features which ensure the recurrence of class  struggle, and assert that everything else is contingent and nonessential. Such differences are inevitable; no models can be constructed without values coming into play in  this manner.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.08 of 5 – based on 33 votes