This is often the main finished account of Catalan phonology ever released. Catalan is a Romance language, occupying a place someplace among French, Spanish, and Italian. it's the first language of six and a part million humans within the northeastern Spain and of the peoples of Andorra, French Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and a small sector of Sardinia. Dr Wheeler describes Barcelona pronunciation and the most important sorts of western Catalonia, Valencia, and Majorca, and considers social and stylistic variation.
The author's procedure is thru a transparent, pragmatic model of orthodox Optimality conception and is expert via shut consciousness to articulatory phonetics. He contains a monstrous account of post-lexical (phrasal) phonology and has designed his method of be of utmost use to these looking both to appreciate the phonology and morphology of Catalan and its types or to set those inside a comparative or typological viewpoint. After an creation to the sorts of Catalan the writer devotes chapters to section inventories; syllable constitution; phrasal phonology; coda voicing; coda position; cluster relief; epenthesis; tension and prosody; be aware phonology and allomorphy; and the syllabification of pronominal clitics. The publication is totally referenced and encompasses a accomplished bibliography. it really is prone to be the normal account of its topic for lots of years.
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Additional info for The Phonology of Catalan (The Phonology of the World's Languages)
DÔap] ‘took a cloth’), yet this doesn't appear in particular signiWcant, as within the final examples (e. g. roba inside [ rO. Bin. t@. Ôjor] ‘underwear’) the ratio of elision to go with the flow formation is 7:2. In developing this count number i haven't taken em, et, es, el, ens, els, orthographic sorts of pronominal clitics, to be underlyingly vowel-initial. p h r as a l p h on o l o g y: vow e l s an d h i Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ l. a. universitat ‘the collage’ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ creure-hi ‘believe. inf in-it’ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ queda oberta ‘stay. 3sg. prs. ind open’ demana-ho ‘request. 2sg. imp it’ Ñ aquesta imatge ‘this photograph’ Ñ Ñ pOr. t@w. ·e. Ô@s $ pOt. tu. ·e. Ô@s ( s)(s s) s ( s) (s) ( s) s kO. z@j. nu. til $ kO. zi. nu. til ( s)(s s)s ( s)(s)( s) s Ü @ $ @. kEs. ti. madÜ:dZ Ü @ @. kEs. t@j. madÜ:dZ (s s)(s) ( s) s (s s) (s s) s ke. D@w. BEr. t@ $ ke. Du. BEr. t@ ( s)(s s) s ( s)(s) ( s) s d@. ma. n@w $ d@. ma. nu (s s) s (s s) (s) kÔEw. Ô@j $ kÔEw. Ôi ( s) s ( s )(s) l@w. ni. B@r. si. tat $ lu. ni. B@r. si. tat (s) (s s) (s s) ¼ (s)(s s)(s s) Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ porta ulleres ‘wear. 3sg. prs. ind glasses’ cosa inu´til ‘useless factor’ Ñ Ñ (35) Ñ Ñ one hundred forty a query which can come up during this context is why elision exists in any respect as an alternative in (35), considering that flow formation is suYcient to prevent Onset violation, because it does wordinternally. Elision also violates a few model of Max. it seems that the elision choice is favoured by way of rhythmic concerns reminiscent of may reXect a *Structure constraint as indicated within the footings within the right-hand column of (35); elision/fusion ends up in extra mild syllables and less ft. four. five O B S E R V A T I O N S O N M U L T I - V O C O I D S E Q U E N C E S Ñ Ñ Ñ nine Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ (a) mateu una gallina [m@. tE. u. n@. ô@. i. n@] ‘kill. 2pl. prs. ind a chook’ (/ma tEw/þ/una/) *[m@. tEw. n@] deu o dotze [ DE. u. DodÜ . dzÜ @] ‘ten or twelve’ (/ dEw/þ/u/) *[ DEw. DodÜ . dzÜ @] allo` se’n diu una perdigussa [@. ·O. s@n. di . u. n@. p@Ô. Di. ôu. s@] ‘that can be a perdigussa (partridge trap)’ (/ diw/ þ /una/) *[ diw. n@]9 tu ho ofereixes [tu. u. f@. ÔE. S@s] ‘you. sg oVer. 2sg. prs. ind it’ (/ tu/ þ /u/ þ /ofeÔþ ESþs/; the morpheme /u/ isn't really underlyingly speciWed for syllabicity) *[tuw. f@. ÔE. S@s], *[tu. f@. ÔE. S@s] Ñ (36) Ñ notwithstanding Recasens (1993: 139–44) devotes a number of pages to sandhi regarding sequences of greater than vocoids, there's, possibly unsurprisingly, rather little that doesn't fall out at once from the limitations already mentioned. it can be beneficial to attract cognizance to a couple issues of precise curiosity. In §3. 2. five. 2 the difficulty of the translation and attention of sequences of exact excessive vocoids was once raised. It used to be remarked there that this query activates a contrast among a creation grammar and a belief grammar, and proof the following from vowel sandhi helps this angle. The above 3 examples are from the japanese continental texts in Veny & Pons (1998). four . five o b s e r vat i o n s o n m u lt i - vo c o i d s e q u e n c e s 141 Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ jo hello imagino [jO.