The Cambridge History of the English Language, Volume 2: 1066-1476

By Norman Blake

Quantity II bargains with the center English interval, nearly 1066-1476, and describes and analyzes advancements within the language from the Norman Conquest to the advent of printing. this era witnessed vital beneficial properties similar to the assimilation of French and the emergence of a typical number of English. There are chapters on phonology and morphology, syntax, dialectology, lexis and semantics, literary language, and onomastics. every one bankruptcy concludes with a bit on extra studying; and the quantity as an entire is supported via an in depth thesaurus of linguistic phrases and a complete bibliography. The chapters are written via experts who're acquainted with glossy methods to the examine of old linguistics.

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Nbr. neut. NF northern; nucleus noun Northumbrian neuter Norman French nominative noun word Nuclear pressure Rule quantity nom. NP NSR num. o onset; item indirect obi. XIX List of abbreviations previous English OE OED Oxford English Dictionary OF OHG previous French outdated excessive German outdated Norse outdated Norman French outdated North Germanic outdated Scots previous Scandinavian Open Syllable Lengthening outdated Swedish ON ONF ONGmc OSc. OScand. OSL OSw. prior pple workstation PDE perf. pers. PF POE PPl. pres. earlier participle Peterborough Chronicle Present-Day English ideal individual The Parliament of Fowls Proto outdated English Piers Plowman current R Rose rhyme RP RSR bought Pronunciation Romance tension Rule S SW southern; powerful Scots Scandinavian southeastern singular Sanskrit subjunctive; topic southwestern Troilus Troilus and Criseyde V; vb VLat. verb Vulgar Latin W WGmc WS vulnerable West Germanic West Saxon Romaunt of the Rose Sc. Scand. SE s gSkt subj. XX List of abbreviations *, ** a unmarried asterisk precedes types that are reconstructed or inferred; double asterisks precede types that are (claimed to be) ungrammatical ]>, five, and so on. an outline of those outdated English characters are available on p. 35 A observe on references in view that there are a number of diversified lineations to be had for The Canterbury stories we've determined to supply references for every citation from this poem: one is to fragment quantity and line, e. g. III. 845, which refers to lineation in Benson 1987; and the opposite is to part and line, e. g. 2: 819, which refers back to the lineation in Blake 1980. The citation is taken from the textual content with the 1st reference; the second one is put in sq. brackets instantly afterwards. xxi INTRODUCTION Norman Blake 1. 1 Beginnings of the learn of center English generally, the beginning of center English is dated in 1066 with the Norman Conquest and its end in 1485 with the accession of Henry VII, the 1st Tudor monarch. either dates are political and old, and the occasions they signify could have an impression at the improvement of the English language within the long term yet they're rarely applicable as publications to the courting of classes in it. at least language doesn't switch as without notice as such stark dates could recommend and the total subject of while center English all started and ended is dependent upon the gains that are considered as major in marking a metamorphosis within the language. The interval is named 'Middle' English since it falls among previous and smooth English. To most folks at the present time heart English has appeared in the direction of sleek than to outdated English for a number of purposes. might be crucial of those has been the impact of Geoffrey Chaucer. His attractiveness because the ' Father of English Poetry' has intended that many folks have a few familiarity with center English via his writings. extra importantly, his paintings has been nearly continually on hand considering Caxton issued the editio princeps of The Canterbury stories in 1476. every one next century has noticeable its nice editor of Chaucer (Ruggiers 1984) and those editors have saved Chaucer and heart English a great deal within the public eye.

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