By Robert Burton
One of many significant records of recent eu civilization, Robert Burton's wonderful compendium, a survey of depression in all its myriad types, has invited not anything yet superlatives due to the fact its book within the 17th century. Lewellyn Powys known as it "the maximum paintings of prose of the best interval of English prose-writing," whereas the prestigious health care professional William Osler declared it the best of clinical treatises. And Dr. Johnson, Boswell reviews, stated it used to be the one ebook that he rose early within the morning to learn with excitement. during this unusually compact and stylish new version, Burton's unbelievable verbal labyrinth is bound to thrill, tutor, and divert trendy readers up to it has these of the prior 4 centuries.
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Additional resources for The Anatomy of Melancholy (New York Review Books Classics)
1073]"The color of this mix varies likewise in response to the combination, be it scorching or chilly; 'tis occasionally black, occasionally not," Altomarus. an analogous Melanelius proves out of Galen; and Hippocrates in his e-book of depression (if at the least or not it's his), giving example in a burning coal, "which while it really is scorching, shines; while it truly is chilly, appears to be like black; and so doth the humour. " This range of depression subject produceth range of results. If or not it's in the body, and never putrified, it causeth black jaundice; if putrified, a quartan ague; if it get away to the outside, leprosy; if to components, a number of maladies, as scurvy, &c. If it difficulty the brain; because it is diversely combined, it produceth a number of forms of insanity and dotage: of which of their position. SUBSECT. IV. —Of the species or varieties of depression. whilst the problem is divers and stressed, how should still it rather be, yet that the species could be divers and burdened? Many new and outdated writers have spoken confusedly of it, confounding depression and insanity, as  Heurnius, Guianerius, Gordonius, Salustius Salvianus, Jason Pratensis, Savanarola, that might have insanity no except depression in quantity, differing (as i've got acknowledged) in levels. a few make specific species, as Ruffus Ephesius, an outdated author, Constantinus Africanus, Aretaeus,  Aurelianus, Paulus Aegineta: others recognize a mess of forms, and depart them indefinite, as Aetius in his Tetrabiblos, Avicenna, lib. three. Fen. 1. Tract. four. cap. 18. Arculanus, cap. sixteen. in nine. Rasis. Montanus, med. half. 1. "If traditional depression be adust, it maketh one sort; if blood, one other; if choler, a 3rd, differing from the 1st; and such a lot of numerous reviews there are in regards to the varieties, as there be males themselves. " Hercules de Saxonia units down forms, "material and immaterial; one from spirits on my own, the opposite from humours and spirits. " Savanarola, Rub. eleven. Tract. 6. cap. 1. de aegritud. capitis, may have the types to be countless; one from the mirach, known as myrachialis of the Arabians; one other stomachalis, from the tummy; one other from the liver, middle, womb, haemorrhoids, "one starting, one other consummate. " Melancthon seconds him, "as the humour is diversely adust and combined, so are the species divers;" yet what those males converse of species i believe should be understood of signs; and so doth  Arculanus interpret himself: countless species, identity est, signs; and in that experience, as Jo. Gorrheus acknowledgeth in his medicinal definitions, the species are limitless, yet they are lowered to 3 varieties as a consequence of their seat; head, physique, and hypochrondries. This threefold department is authorized by means of Hippocrates in his publication of depression, (if it's his, which a few suspect) through Galen, lib. three. de loc. affectis, cap. 6. by means of Alexander, lib. 1. cap. sixteen. Rasis, lib. 1. Continent. Tract. nine. lib. 1. cap. sixteen. Avicenna and so much of our new writers. Th. Erastus makes forms; one perpetual, that is head depression; the opposite interrupt, which comes and is going via matches, which he subdivides into the opposite types, in order that all involves an identical go.