Power, Speed, and Form: Engineers and the Making of the Twentieth Century

By David P. Billington

Power, velocity, and Form is the 1st obtainable account of the engineering at the back of 8 leap forward techniques that remodeled American existence from 1876 to 1939--the cell, electrical strength, oil refining, the car, the plane, radio, the long-span metal bridge, and development with bolstered concrete. starting with Thomas Edison's method to generate and distribute electrical strength, the authors clarify the Bell mobile, the oil refining strategies of William Burton and Eugene Houdry, Henry Ford's version T motor vehicle and the reaction through basic cars, the Wright brothers' aircraft, radio ideas from Marconi to Armstrong, Othmar Ammann's George Washington Bridge, the strengthened concrete constructions of John Eastwood and Anton Tedesko, and within the Nineteen Thirties, the Chrysler Airflow automobile and the Douglas DC-3 airplane.

those suggestions used uncomplicated numerical rules, which the Billingtons combine with brief narrative bills of every breakthrough--a certain and powerful option to introduce engineering and the way engineers imagine. The publication indicates how the simplest engineering exemplifies potency, economic system and, the place attainable, splendor. With Power, pace, and Form, educators, first-year engineering scholars, liberal arts scholars, and normal readers now have, for the 1st time in a single quantity, an obtainable and readable historical past of engineering achievements that have been very important to America's improvement and which are nonetheless the principles of contemporary life.

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J. Baker, A background of the Marconi corporation (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1972). eight. For Fessenden’s lifestyles, see Frederick Seitz, The Cosmic Inventor: Reginald Aubrey Fessenden (1866–1932) (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1999). nine. at the Fessenden alternator, see James E. Brittain, Alexanderson: Pioneer in American electric Engineering (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins collage Press, 1992), pp. 29–43. 10. On Fessenden’s radio paintings, see R. A. Fessenden, “Wireless Telephony,” lawsuits of the yank Institute of electric Engineers 27 (1908): 1283–1358; and Hugh G. J. Aitken, the continual Wave: expertise and American Radio, 1900–1932 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton collage Press, 1985), pp. 40–86. On early crystal rectifiers, see Desmond P. C. Thackeray, “When Tubes Beat Crystals: Early Radio Detectors,” IEEE Spectrum 20, no. three (March 1983): 64–69. Rectifiers also are known as “detectors” in radio. For an summary of radio engineering with out calculus, see Abraham Marcus and William Marcus, components of Radio (New York: Prentice-Hall, 1943). eleven. For Fessenden’s Christmas 1906 radio broadcast, see Susan J. Douglas, Inventing American Broadcasting, 1899–1922 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins collage Press, 1987), pp. 155–56. On amplitude modulation, see Marcus and Marcus, components of Radio, pp. 51–63, 605–18. 12. at the close to sale of Fessenden’s patents to AT&T, see Aitken, the continual Wave, pp. 76–79. thirteen. On Marconi’s efforts to enhance spark transmission, see Hong, instant, pp. 62–63, 90–107. 14. On tuning circuits and the replica of sound in radios, see Marcus and Marcus, components of Radio, pp. 31–42, 443–73. 15. On de woodland, see James A. Hijiya, Lee de wooded area and the Fatherhood of Radio (Bethlehem, PA: Lehigh college Press, 1992); and Aitken, the continual Wave, pp. 162–249. at the cave in of de Forest’s corporation, see ibid. , pp. 185–94. Fessenden sued de wooded area for utilizing a liquid rectifier with out permission. the corporate persevered less than de Forest’s former associate below a brand new identify. The company collapsed after the previous companion was once convicted of mail fraud in 1910 and the yank Marconi corporation gained a patent infringement go well with a 12 months later. sixteen. De Forest’s audion patent was once U. S. Patent No. 879,532. at the Edison impact, see J. B. Johnson, “Contribution of Thomas A. Edison to Thermionics,” American magazine of Physics 28, no. nine (December 1960): 763–73. 17. For the operating of the Fleming diode, J. A. Fleming, The Thermionic Valve and Its advancements in Radio-Telegraphy and Telephony, 2d ed. (New York: D. Van Nostrand, 1924), pp. 46–97. See additionally Marcus and Marcus, components of Radio, pp. 97–103. 18. For the operating of the triode, see Lee de woodland, “The Audion: a brand new Receiver for instant Telegraphy,” Transactions of the yank Institute of electric Engineers 25 (1906): 735–79. See additionally Marcus and Marcus, parts of Radio, pp. 105–19. 19. For an overview of de Forest’s contribution to radio, see Robert A. Chipman, “DeForest and the Triode Detector,” clinical American 212, no. three (March 1965): 92–100.

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