Pilgrimage: From the Ganges to Graceland: An Encyclopedia, Volumes 1-2

By Linda Kay Davidson, David M. Gitlitz

Pilgrimage is a entire compendium of the fundamental proof on Pilgrimage from precedent days to the twenty first century. Illustrated with maps and images that enhance the reader's trip, this authoritative quantity explores websites, humans, actions, rites, terminology, and different concerns regarding pilgrimage reminiscent of economics, tourism, and disease.

Encompassing all significant and minor international religions, from old cults to fashionable faiths, this paintings covers either spiritual and secular pilgrimage websites. Compiled via specialists who've authored a number of books on pilgrimage and are pilgrims of their personal correct, the entries will entice scholars, students, and basic readers.

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Occasionally the tribal or village gravesites obtain visits from family who are looking to pay homage to or converse with their predecessors. Ancestors are regarded as on hand at different websites to boot. alongside the coast of Kenya, for instance, the Digo and Swahili peoples commune with their ancestors in definite deserted mosques or in caves or rock shelters. The Mbaraki Pillar, the remnant of a mosque close to Mombasa, is one AFRIC AN RELIGIONS AND PILGRIMAGE eleven such web site. huge baobab timber also are considered linked to the spirits of the departed. Pilgrims to those websites frequently depart purple, white, and black flags tied to timber or timber to mark their stopover at. In Madagascar the websites of tombs of old kings are considered specifically propitious for touching one’s departed ancestors. As is the case with deities, ancestors’ spirits are acknowledged to be really approachable at salient normal good points corresponding to caves, lakes, springs, mountains, or huge bushes. The Dogon peoples of Mali assemble periodically on the Bandiagara cliffs to pay homage to their legendary progenitors, to honor their literal ancestors, and to consecrate the merging of the spirits in their lately deceased with the ranks in their ancestors. usually African religions’ holy areas have a couple of functionality. a few websites, as well as connecting with departed ancestors, are recognized for his or her healing features. Others, comparable to the Msati Rain Shrine in Malawi, are idea to exert strength over the stipulations of weather that have an effect on agriculture. humans may possibly stopover at any of those holy websites to offer thank you for anything, or to invite the gods for elevated fiscal prosperity, security on a trip, or suggestions in conceiving a toddler. In Nigeria, to quote only one instance, Yoruba girls trip from far-off villages to sacrifice goats or cocks on the baobab tree in Iya-Olomo that's acknowledged to remedy barrenness. a few websites are specifically favourite due to their background of facilitating the granting of such requests. Many websites are the focal point of fairs which are held at numerous issues of the rural cycle. in lots of conventional cultures, the spiritual actions at holy websites contain the sacrifice of animals and the providing of foodstuffs or beneficial own goods as a few mixture of thank-offering, present, and act of propitiation or communion. In a few conventional African societies, corresponding to the Kaonde, the Lozi, the Shilluk, or the Bavenda, the manager or king is believed to be as regards to the deity or to have a different skill to mediate with the deities. In such circumstances the home of the executive is in a few respects holy, and visits to the executive serve either secular and non secular reasons. different holy locations are of specific significance for reaffirming extended family or tribal id. this can be really actual for websites utilized in rituals that 12 AFRIC AN RELIGIONS AND PILGRIMAGE mark key occasions within the human lifestyles cycle equivalent to delivery, marriage, and dying. The Bambara humans of Mali, for instance, trip to sacred groves at the western facets in their villages to behavior tricky initiation ceremonies for his or her younger.

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