Marx and Engels: Their Contribution to the Democratic Breakthrough (Suny Series in Political Theory. Contemporary Issues)

In keeping with Nimtz, no humans contributed extra to the fight for democracy within the 19th century than Karl Marx and Frederick Engels. providing the 1st significant learn of the 2 thinkers long ago 20 years and the 1st because the cave in of the Soviet Union, this ebook demanding situations many extensively held perspectives approximately their democratic credentials and their attitudes and regulations at the peasantry, the significance of nationwide self-determination, the fight for women's equality, their so-called Eurocentric bias, political and celebration organizing, and the chance for socialist revolution in an overwhelmingly peasant and underdeveloped state like late-nineteenth-century Russia.

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Wanted. " What Marx anticipated here was the radical reevaluation of philosophy and philosophers as agents of social change that he and  Engels would make and then elaborate on within a year in their next joint work, The German Ideology. The other issue that Marx anticipates in his critique is the old bugbear that critics of "Marxism" and then later, "Marxism­Leninism" would raise, namely, that Marx and  Engels merely established a new model of elitist politics. This is not the place to discuss this criticism; it can only be addressed by examining the actual practice of  Marx and Engels, and then later Lenin, in the context of real struggles—in other words, in the subsequent chapters of this book (Lenin must await another volume). Suffice it here to note that at the very earliest stage of his joint venture with Engels, Marx was skeptical of any liberatory endeavor that rested on the goodwill of a  "handful of chosen men. " "We must strike while the iron is hot" Engels's candidness about the style of The Holy Family indicates the mode of collaboration that he established at the outset with Marx—one that was crucial for the    Page 16 future literary productivity of the partnership. Upon returning to the Rhineland, Engels, inspired by the alliance just agreed to in Paris, immediately threw himself into  political activity in order, as he wrote to Marx, to propagate "our principle. " While the province "promises to be first rate soil," what was lacking was "a few  publications in which the principles are logically and historically developed out of past ways of thinking and past history. " 40 To overcome this deficit, it was  imperative, as Engels saw from the beginning of the partnership, that he and Marx get their ideas into print as quickly as possible. Thus, his admonishment in the  conclusion of his first extant letter to Marx: "[S]ee to it that the material you've collected is soon launched into the world. It's high time, heaven knows! . . . Down to  work, then, quickly into print! " In subsequent letters Engels was even more insistent. Getting in print, was, as he stated many times, the way "we . . . might exert influence . . . but we shall have to put  our backs into it if we're to achieve anything, and that's all to the good when you're itching to do something. " To encourage Marx, he wrote about his own writing  schedule, and his effort to get The Condition of the Working­Class in England finished. He went so far as to provide advice on the discipline of writing—no doubt  based on his own regimen. "You over there [in Paris] will also have to bestir yourselves. You should write an article every 4 or 6 weeks for [Vorwärts, a German  weekly published in Paris] and not allow yourself to be 'governed' by your moods. "41 Regarding The Holy Family, "try and finish before April [1845], do as I do, set  yourself a date by which you will definitely have finished, and make sure it gets into print quickly . . . it must come out soon. " While articles were useful, "what we need above all just now are a few larger works to provide an adequate handhold for the many who would like to improve their  imperfect knowledge, but are unable to do so unassisted.

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