Figurative Language Comprehension: Social and Cultural Influences

Figurative language, reminiscent of verbal irony, metaphor, hyperbole, idioms, and different kinds is an more and more very important subfield in the empirical research of language comprehension and use. Figurative Language Comprehension: Social and Cultural Influences is an edited scholarly ebook that ties jointly fresh learn about the social and cultural impacts on figurative language cognition. those affects comprise gender, cultural ameliorations, monetary prestige, and inter-group results, between others. the consequences those affects have on people's use, comprehension, or even processing of figurative language, include the most subject matter of this quantity. No different e-book deals one of these examine the social and cultural impacts on a complete relatives of figurative types at numerous degrees of cognition.

This quantity is of serious curiosity to students and execs within the disciplines of social and cognitive psychology, psycholinguistics, and moment language acquisition, in addition to cognitive and different fields of linguistics the place students have pursuits in pragmatics, metaphor, image, discourse, and narrative. a few wisdom of the empirical and experimental tools utilized in language learn, in addition to a few familiarity with theories underlying the use, comprehension, and processing of figurative language will be precious to readers of this book.

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N. (1986). The area interplay method of metaphor professional­ cessing: touching on person changes and metaphor features. Metaphor and Symbolic task, I, 185-213. Williams-Whitney, D. , Mio, J. S. , & Whitney, E (1992). Metaphor creation in inventive writing, magazine of Psycholinguistic study, 21, 497-509. Appendix A information regarding movie CLIPS utilized in EXPERIMENTS 1 and a couple of size movie Emotion The Bridges of Madison County disappointment zero. 09375 The Prince of Tides* unhappiness zero. 166667 A Christmas Carol Happiness zero. 02431 The Princess Bride* Love zero. 154167 anxiousness zero. 08125 Love zero. 116667 A Cry at midnight Roxanne Falling Down* The Shawshank Redemption* nervousness zero. 08194 Happiness zero. 1125 Anger zero. 127083 nervousness zero. 07292 The Fisher King* unhappiness zero. 08958 metal Magnolias* disappointment /anger zero. 05625 Happiness zero. 104167 anxiousness zero. 03542 a couple of reliable males The Shining Indiana Jones and the final campaign* The Untouchables Happiness zero. 126389 Vertigo nervousness zero. 0625 An Officer and a Gentleman unhappiness zero. 104167 it is a exceptional existence* observe. All movies indexed have been utilized in scan 1. Clips utilized in test 2 are marked with an asterisk. 177 This web page deliberately left clean Appendix B pattern NARRATIVE utilized in test three From The Prince of Tides (adapted from Karsch &. Streisand, 1991) Sally is mendacity on her mattress in her gown, preserving the telephone to her ear, together with her different arm wrapped round herself. She is squirming uncomfortably as she tells the individual on the different finish, "Uh, Tom ... i don't believe it is a sturdy proposal that you can come domestic this weekend. " Tom, the fellow she is chatting with, is status through the fridge in his kitchen shuffling papers as he responds to Sally: "Why now not? " "Well, i am not certain ... i am simply uncertain that i would like to work out you straight away. I ... uh ... i've got much to determine. " As he walks out of the kitchen, Tom says doubtfully, "Uh-huh. " He con­ tinues strolling right into a dim front room as Sally explains extra. "What's the purpose, Tom? I suggest, let's accept it. we do not make one another believe reliable anymore. " "Right," says Tom as he sits down on a sofa and runs his hand via his hair. Sally's voice starts off to quiver as she maintains. "Look. Um ... i did not are looking to inform you this over the phone. i wished to inform you earlier than you left, however the manner you left.... " Sally pauses as she starts off to cry. "There wasn't any time. " Tom, leaning ahead carefully, asks, "What'd you need to inform me, Sally? " there's a lengthy pause whereas Tom waits and Sally cries. Tom turns into impa­ tient and asks, "What's his name?... what is his identify, Sally? the fellow should have a reputation! " "Jack Cleveland. " 179 180 APPENDIX B Tom places his head in his unfastened hand and leans again opposed to the sofa say­ ing, "Oh no, oh no! " He rubs his brow as he maintains, "Jesus, Sally. " Tom now starts to get offended, stands up, and keeps in a higher voice, "Geez, Jack Cleveland?! You suggest that getting older pompous hippie from the hos­ pital who nonetheless rides a motorcycle?! " As Tom is screaming this at her, Sally rests the telephone on her shoulder and shuts her eyes.

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