English Grammar: A University Course (2nd Edition)

By Angela Downing, Philip Locke

This accomplished and up to date descriptive grammar is an entire path for first measure and postgraduate scholars of English, particularly these whose local language isn't English. it's also used as a reference booklet delivering the linguistic foundation for classes and tasks on translation, contrastive linguistics, stylistics, studying and discourse reviews. Grammatical utilization is illustrated with actual texts from quite a lot of assets, either spoken and written.
This re-creation has been completely rewritten and redesigned with many new texts and examples of language in use.
Key beneficial properties include:
· Chapters divided into modules of class-length materials

· a large choice of genuine texts and transcriptions to demonstrate issues of grammar and to contextualise structure

· transparent bankruptcy and module summaries permitting effective classification guidance and pupil revision

· workouts and themes for individuals

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Which facets of her lifestyles is Kirsty such a lot all for? What do you're thinking that this tells us concerning the speaker? might a discussion during which you took half, at the comparable topic, be comparable? learn the item at the transitivity speculation (in Hopper and Thompson 1980) and take a look at to use the factors to a couple of the examples in workout 21. 1. Do you find that situations of grammatical metaphor and nominalisation within the sentences are typically excessive instead of low, or conversely, low instead of excessive in transitivity? are you able to clarify the explanations in your end? (You will want to payment up first at the aspectual differences mentioned in forty two. 2. ) CONCEPTUALISING: tactics AND contributors 173 INTERACTION among SPEAKER AND HEARER bankruptcy five Linking speech acts and grammar Module 22: Speech acts and clause varieties 22. 1 22. 2 176 the fundamental correspondences Direct and oblique speech acts: what the utterance ‘counts as’ 177 178 Module 23: The declarative and interrogative clause kinds one hundred eighty 23. 1 23. 2 23. three 23. four 23. five 23. 6 23. 7 23. eight 23. nine 23. 10 Clause forms and the temper point: Subject–Finite edition The declarative clause sort Interrogative clauses, negation and the do- operator Yes/no interrogatives and their responses substitute interrogatives Wh- interrogatives Double interrogatives: questions inside questions query tags positive factors of the most forms of tag Invariant query tags 181 181 182 183 185 185 186 187 187 189 Module 24: The exclamative and vital clause forms one hundred ninety 24. 1 24. 2 24. three 24. four The exclamative The vital 191 191 24. 2. 1 24. 2. 2 24. 2. three 193 194 194 The verb within the valuable unfavorable and emphatic imperatives Let’s and allow us to Verbless and freestanding subordinate clauses The subjunctive in English Module 25: oblique speech acts, clause forms and discourse capabilities 25. 1 25. 2 Performatives and the declarative Exclamations 195 196 197 197 199 Module 26: Questions, clause kinds and discourse services 26. 1 26. 2 26. three 26. four Rhetorical questions Questions as preliminaries a few, any and unfavorable kinds in biased questions Biased declaratives with attitudinal markers Module 27: Directives: getting humans to hold out activities 27. 1 27. 2 27. three 27. four 27. five 27. 6 27. 7 201 201 201 202 203 205 Directives and the significant The discourse services of let’s imperatives Politeness in directives Modalised interrogatives as well mannered directives Declaratives as directives Indirectness, impoliteness and disagreement Clause forms and illocutionary strength: precis desk 205 207 207 208 208 209 210 27. 7. 1 211 additional interpreting workouts Clause combos 212 213 SPEECH ACTS AND CLAUSE varieties MODULE 22 precis 1 Speech acts are the acts we practice via phrases. convinced common forms of speech act are easy to daily interplay; those are statements, questions, exclamations and directives, the latter protecting orders, requests and directions between others. 2 each one of those easy speech acts is linked within the grammar with one of those clause: the declarative is usually used to encode an announcement, the interrogative a query, the important a directive and the exclamative an exclamation.

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