By Jean-Paul Kurtz
I'm happy to offer a piece which marks a milestone within the historical past of public works and, extra accurately, in that of everlasting structures―a finished dictionary of Civil Engineering phrases. because the starting of time, guy has consistently attempted to discover a way to transparent the stumbling blocks which nature erected to displace him. With the 1st tree trunk thrown throughout a river, guy sought to enhance the crossing constitution. After the discovery of the wheel, and to meet his thirst for conquest (Roman ways), and luxury (aqueducts), guy outfitted bridges that grew to become a preremptory necessity to maneuver quick. therefore, guy began to construct wood and masonry works. With the passing centuries, the developers turned masters within the paintings of establishing masonry works. Then got here the economic Revolution and the appearance of the metal (1864), which was once heavily by way of the discovery of the bolstered concrete (1855). the necessity for railways and bettering the line community encouraged nice works of crossing comparable to viaducts and tunnels. The growth of the railway community and the advance of the automobile required the development of progressively more new buildings. This phenomenon maintains at the present time with enormous quantities of buildings equipped every year through the global.
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Extra resources for Dictionary of Civil Engineering: English-French
AMPHIBOLES Amphiboles Mineralogy Silicates of iron or lime, aluminum, sodium, and so forth. , and magnesium, widespread in plutonic and metamorphic rocks. AMERICAN CAISSON Caisson beginning Syn. with field CAISSON; STRANDED CAISSON AMPHIBOLITE Amphibolite Geology A metamorphic rock of which many of the kinds are represented by way of crystalline schists, wealthy in amphibole and that include uncomplicated feldspar, mica, and optionally, quartz. AMERICAN PROJECTION Projection américaine Drawing The illustration of perspectives opposite to the ecu projection. AMPHIPHILIC Amphiphile fabrics Having a robust affinity for water. AMPHOTERIC Amphotère fabrics Having houses of either acids and bases. AMINOPLAST Aminoplaste Polymers An umbrella for an artificial thermosetting resin of a few hardness, skill to be remoted, and due to the condensation of amines or amides (urea) with formaldehyde. AMYGDALOIDAL ZECHSTEIN DOLOMITE Cargneule Geology A cavernous dolomite, usually ferruginous and clayey, shaped within the Alps. Cavities are as a result of dissolution of limestone or anhydrite islets. Syn. with BLASENSCHIEFER; VACUOLAR DOLOMITE LIMESTONE AMINOPLAST RESIN Résine aminoplaste Polymers a man-made product, often because of polycondensation among, at the one hand, amides or combos of amides and/or amines or combos of amines and, however, aldehydes or combos of aldehydes. ANALLATISM Anallatisme Topography skill of stadimeters and tachometers to provide direct read-out of the space from the guts of the device to the leveling rod. AMORPHOUS COAT Couche amorphe Metallurgy The superficial layer of a steel piece altered in the course of machining. research OF HARDENED CONCRETE examine du béton durci try out of fabrics (Construction of R. C. and P. C. ) entire approach to figure out the structural proportions of a given concrete. AMORTIZEMENT Amortissement building; structure 1. The sloping most sensible of a butress or projecting pier. 22 Dictionary of Civil Engineering ANALYTIC layout Calcul analytique energy of fabrics A layout to discover greatest tension in a piece of beam, all of whose parts are recognized, and that's subjected to an exterior strength of identified place and depth. ANCHOR BOLT Boulon d’ancrage apparatus A bolt with an oblong head embedded in concrete or masonry with the threads against carry a constitution or equipment in position. Syn. with ANCHOR ROD; TIE BOLT ANAMESITE Anamésite Geology A dolerite with minerals smaller than 1 mm. Syn. with MICROGABBRO ANCHOR or ROCK BOLT Boulon d’ancrage fabrics A helping metal rod numerous yards lengthy anchored within the rock (or masonry) at its extremity or all through its size after insertion right into a drilled gap. See determine 14 forms: anchor bolts (les boulons à ancrage ponctuel), expand to the ground of the opening via a slot-andwedge equipment or a variety shell. A steel plate or a block is then secured by way of tightening a nut; cement bolts or cut up bolts or stabilizer bolts (les boulons à ancrage réparti), are mounted within the gap via glue (conditioned resin) with a hardener (the hardener is blended whilst the bolt is circled.