By Hans Arens
This quantity includes a fragment from Aristotle’s Peri Hermeneias [16a1–17a7], with a translation into English and a statement. This fragment is important to the knowledge of Aristotle’s wondering language. it's by means of (translations of) commentaries on Aristotle’s textual content through students among 500 and 1750, displaying how his textual content was once perceived through the years. The commentaries are by means of Ammonius, Boethius, Abelaerd, Albertus Magnus, Thomas Acquinas, Martinus de Dacia, Johannes a S. Thoma, and James Harris. every one observation is in flip commented upon by way of the compiler of this quantity.
Preview of Aristotle's Theory of Language and its Tradition: Texts from 500 to 1750 (Studies in the History of the Language Sciences, Volume 29) PDF
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Extra resources for Aristotle's Theory of Language and its Tradition: Texts from 500 to 1750 (Studies in the History of the Language Sciences, Volume 29)
He doesn't, obviously. And 'Kallippos' is under no circumstances a word, yet a composite noun, and can't be in comparison, for example, with 'rational mortal being', that's a word. Ammonius' mindless expla kingdom can be present in Boethius (he thinks of words like 'Socrates and Plato'), or even the final within the lengthy line of commentators, Johannes a S. Thoma, thinks that "no a part of which ... " used to be acknowledged to"exclude a posh sentence and time period" simply because nor is a noun! Now, the absurd 'explana tion' might purely make feel if, for example, 'rational mortal being' may be known as an onoma , which not anyone claims. i feel that Ammonius himself had it from (one of) his predecessors. /34/ The particularly awkward instance of 'Kallippos' for a nom inal compound is by means of 'Neápolis' and 'Heliupolis', which, as place-names, don't end up the purpose both. The COMMENTARY TO AMMONIUS one hundred forty five exam of 'epaktris' and 'kéles' might were extra ecocnomic. "the complete signifying just one thought, and be reason for that no half can symbolize whatever" is incorrect: 'makrón' (long) and 'ptéron' (wing) mixed are 'makrópteron' (long-winged), the single thought expressed by means of phrases or the combo in their meanings, the single distinction being that the compound doesn't represent an extended wing, yet 'having lengthy wings1, a high quality of a fowl. The exposition of the physei- and thesei-theories is the clearest and so much specific i do know of. The nonsense of the unique physei-theory couldn't be greater established. 1o Socrates doesn't exhibit, yet merely attempts to teach that the phrases are by means of nature, and fails. 2° The phrases as "works of nature": there isn't any trace the way it will be attainable; the phrases being spoken kinds, how did humans study them, or have been they latent of their minds? How, in the event that they have been by way of na ture, may there be assorted languages? three° The comparability with the senses is inaccurate, it is composed simply within the be aware "as signed": the names are assigned to the issues because the senses are assigned to the issues they could understand. four° The ques tion how a string of sounds or of written letters can por tray or replicate a concrete item, the string being traditional or man made, by no means turns up. five° the idea that each factor and each individual had its right identify, that the names have been exact with them, and that for this reason it was once of excessive value to grasp the names simply because this information gave strength over them; for example Isaiah 43,1:"I have referred to as thee by way of thy identify, thou artwork mine" - used to be generic. 6° The scientist who looked for the originaKly disbursed) identify used to be the etymologist, who dissected the phrases with a purpose to elicit the which means from the marred and disfigured debris. /35/ 7° As facts of the opinion that the phrases certainly correspond to the character of the issues, back own names are adduced, as though the identify Archidamos have been given to 146 statement TO AMMONIUS the infant since it used to be transparent that it had the traits of, and would truly be, a pace-setter of the folks, while eve rybody should have recognized that the names got with a re ligious and wishful reason.