A Reference Grammar of Russian (Reference Grammars)

By Alan Timberlake

This textbook describes and systematizes all points of the grammar of Russian--including styles of orthography, sounds, inflection, syntax, tense-aspect-mood, be aware order, and intonation. it's particularly interested in the which means of combos of phrases (constructions) and the center proposal is that of the predicate historical past (a checklist of the states of entities via time and throughout possibilities). utilizing predicate histories, the booklet offers an built-in account of the semantics of verbs, nouns, case, and element. it is going to entice scholars, students and language execs drawn to Russian.

Show description

Preview of A Reference Grammar of Russian (Reference Grammars) PDF

Similar Linguistics books

On the Way to Language

During this quantity Martin Heidegger confronts the philosophical difficulties of language and starts to spread the that means begind his recognized and little understood word "Language is the home of Being. "The "Dialogue on Language," among Heidegger and a jap good friend, including the 4 lectures that stick with, current Heidegger's primary rules at the foundation, nature, and value of language.

Correct Your Spanish Blunders: How to Avoid 99% of the Common Mistakes Made by Learners of Spanish

A witty, fast paced consultant to taking away Spanish bloopers for newcomers blending genders, inverting topics and gadgets, and trusting falsos amigos (a. ok. a. , fake cognates) are only some of the mistakes English-speaking Spanish-language novices regularly make. In right Your Spanish mistakes, veteran Spanish instructor Jean Yates identifies those and different universal difficulty spots and obviously explains the explanations in the back of them.

Practice Makes Perfect Spanish Verb Tenses, Premium 3rd Edition (Practice Makes Perfect Series)

The bestselling workbook on Spanish Verbs up to date with entire electronic aid that can assist you grasp Spanish verb wisdom and usagePractice Makes excellent Spanish Verb Tenses explains with an extraordinary point of readability whilst and why a specific verb annoying could be used--not simply the proper kinds. This publication also will provide you with lots of perform in utilizing your new language abilities, with greater than 2 hundred workouts in writer Dorothy Richmond's uniquely enjoyable sort.

The Political Mind: A Cognitive Scientist's Guide to Your Brain and Its Politics

A groundbreaking medical exam of how our brains comprehend politics from a brand new York instances bestselling authorOne of the realm 's best-known linguists and cognitive scientists, George Lakoff has a knack for making technology make feel for normal readers. In his new e-book, Lakoff spells out what cognitive technology has stumbled on approximately cause, and divulges that human cause is way extra attention-grabbing than we idea it used to be.

Extra resources for A Reference Grammar of Russian (Reference Grammars)

Show sample text content

In much less conservative utilization, now tolerated as normative, the predicate has female contract, adjectives -masculine contract ([14](b)). [14] (a) (b) (c) (d) D rjvyfne djitk yjdsq dhfx. D rjvyfne djikf yjdsq dhfx. D rjvyfne djikf yjdfz dhfx. D rjvyfne djitk yjdfz dhfx. Into the room entered the recent physician. oldest, formal more moderen, casual, now usual latest, now not normative systemically outlawed As a truly new choice, the adjective can also undertake female contract ([14](c)); although no longer normative, female contract in (e yfc) [jhjifz ,e[ufkmnth<\msc> ‘(we have) an exceptional bookkeeper’ was once provided through 39 percentage of staff from the cohort of 1940--49. four female is feasible merely with descriptive or deictic adjectives and in simple terms within the nominative, as in [15]: [15] <. . . > rfr htrjvtyljdfkf yfif k/,bvfz dhfx. <. . . > as our liked health professional prompt. Adjectives resembling hfqj´yysq ‘regional’, ctv†qysq ‘family’, rj´;ysq ‘skin’ which are a part of the definition of the career are masculine ([16]): [16] <. . . > rfr htrjvtyljdfkf cnfhibq dhfx cnfywbb ≤Crjhjq gjvjob≥ Vjcrds. <. . . > because the senior general practitioner of Moscow emergency care urged. The fourth hypothetical threat above ([14](d)), the combo of a female adjective and masculine gender within the predicate, violates a normal precept governing contract: the extra heavily certain the constituent, the extra contract should be in response to morphological gender; the fewer heavily sure the constituent, the extra contract may be according to referential gender. five the main exhibits up additional in relative clauses and using (third-person) pronouns, which opt for syntactic gender at the foundation of the reference of the noun. for instance ([17]), in a dialogue of Cj´amz Uhbuj´hmtdyf, who has the accountability four Kitaigorodskaia 1976:152. five Corbett 1979[b]. Arguments a hundred sixty five of being hfqj´yysq cfybnƒhysq dhƒx, the predicate may possibly use both gender, however the pronouns rjnj´hfz and t= look as female: [17] Jxtym [jhjij rj vyt {jnyjcbkfcm ∼ jnyjcbkcz } hfqjyysq cfybnfhysq dhfx, {rjnjhfz ∼ ∗ rjnjhsq } b pfxfcne/ vtyz rjhvbkf. F z lkz {tt ∼ ∗ tuj } ve;f ljcnfdfk d ,b,kbjntrf[ ye;yst lkz tuj kbnthfnehys[ bccktljdfybq cdtltybz. The nearby sanitation officer, who occasionally might feed me, handled me good. And for her husband I used to get info from the library wanted for his literary experiences. four. 1. five Gender: universal gender there's one other staff of nouns that don't have detailed masculine and female types yet can be utilized on a regular basis in connection with both men or women. it's the huge, open-ended set of nouns of c o m m o n g e n d e r (epicenes), nouns belonging to Declension , usually morphologically derived, that describe humans by way of a few renowned caliber or habit: gkƒrcf ‘crybaby’, cjvyƒv,ekf ‘sleepwalker’, dsgbdj´[f ‘boozer’, ktdiƒ ‘lefty’, cbhjnƒ ‘orphan’. Adjectives and verbs believe the referential gender of the noun: masculine gender is utilized in connection with a guy ([18--19]), female in connection with a lady ([20--21]):6 [18] [19] [20] [21] Vfnm d ltncndt ghbdzpsdfkf tuj r cneke --- jy ,sk cnhfiysq ytgjctlf, --xnj,s jy pfybvfkcz vepsrjq.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.99 of 5 – based on 25 votes