A Dictionary of Linguistics

Mid-Century Reference Library.

Show description

Preview of A Dictionary of Linguistics PDF

Similar English Language books

Righting the Mother Tongue: From Olde English to Email, the Tangled Story of English Spelling

While did ghost gather its silent h? Will our on-line world kill the single in rhubarb? And used to be it rather rocket scientists who invented spell-check? In Righting the mummy Tongue, writer David Wolman tells the cockamamie tale of English spelling, in terms of a wordly event from English battlefields to Google headquarters.

Practice Makes Perfect Advanced English Grammar for ESL Learners (Practice Makes Perfect Series)

Get regulate over these tough parts of English grammar perform Makes excellent: complicated English Grammar for ESL freshmen is concentrated on these grammar themes that will pose specified difficulties for you, in particular if English isn't really your first language. since it pursuits complicated themes, you are going to fast 0 in on what holds you again from fluency.

Really learn 100 phrasal verbs (Usage)

A teach-yourself workbook to assist newcomers achieve a radical knowing of the which means and grammar of a hundred crucial phrasal verbs via guided perform and examples. each one web page specializes in one verb and each web page follows an analogous layout for ease of use. Verbs are geared up through particle so newbies can see styles and the phrasal verbs appear extra logical.

Extra resources for A Dictionary of Linguistics

Show sample text content

Substratum: A language displaced, as dominant tongue, through one other language, e. g. , by means of the language of a conquering army strength, of a colonizing state, and so on. Many linguists give some thought to the linguistic substratum accountable for linguistic alterations within the language which suppresses or replaces it. (Cf. substratum conception. ) substratum idea: the idea which regards the linguistic substratum (q. v. ) because the reason for linguistic or phonological alterations within the exchanging or superimposed language. in keeping with the adherents of this idea, because the audio system of socially, politically, economically or differently subordinate languages followed the language in their conquerors or a language of colonization, or in most cases the language of a culturally or economically extra complex kingdom, problems in pronunciation brought on phrases, even grammatical kinds and structures, to be tormented by under-surface speech behavior. Sudanese: See Sudanese-Guinean. Sudanese-Guinean: A relations of African Negro languages, spoken by way of an expected overall of 50,000,000 folks. the various languages and dialects of this kin were variously categorized —e. g. , Drexel lists 171 exact Sudanese-Guinean languages (in Die Gliederung der afrikanischen Sprachen, 1921-1925), while Delafosse (in Les Langues du Monde, 1924), distinguishes 435. crucial Sudanese-Guinean languages are: Ewe, Efik, Hausa, Mandingo, Mende, Masai, Nubian, Twi, and Yoruba. (Some linguists examine Sudanese and Guinean as autonomous households; others, particularly Delafosse, give some thought to Sudano-Guinean and Bantu to be individuals of a bigger linguistic unit. ) suffix: A formative (q. v. ), which include a letter, syllable or syllables, additional to the tip of a observe to change its which means or to shape a brand new by-product. Suk: An African language, member of the Sudanese-Guinean kinfolk of languages. Suketi: The language of approximately 55,000 individuals in Suket, India; a dialect of Pahari (q. v. ). Sumerian: An extinct language, labeled as Asianic, with none demonstrable linguistic association with any recognized language; it was once spoken in Mesopotamia, from Babylon to the Gulf of Persia, from at the very least 4000 B. C. until the 3rd century B. C. Sundanese: A language spoken by way of approximately 6,500,000 individuals in Indonesia; a member of the Indonesian sub-family of the Malayo-Polynesian kinfolk of languages. superessive: In sure languages (notably, languages of the Finno-Ugric family), a declensional case, having an identical denotation because the English preposition on or upon. improved comparability: Upward comparability (q. v. ). superlative measure: That type of an adjective or adverb which expresses convinced factor possesses a undeniable caliber to a better quantity than the other factor. superstratum: The language of a culturally, economically, politically greater kingdom, or of an army conqueror, brought right into a overseas nationwide or geographical territory and affecting or maybe supplanting the local language of the latter (See substratum ). supine: A verbal noun, often incapable of entire inflection.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.33 of 5 – based on 20 votes